Osteochondritis in Children
This group of conditions, which causes pain and disability, affects the growing skeleton of a child or adolescent and the surfaces of the joints (cartilage) in the knee. The diseases interrupt the blood supply to a bone which results in bone death (necrosis) and later regrowth of the bone.
Pain and swelling in the bony lump that lies just below the kneecap can be caused by Osgood-Schlatter disease.
This painful condition often affects teenagers during growth spurts.
There are two meniscal cartilages in the knee that act as shock-absorbers – one on the inner and one on the outer side. They are made up of a different type of cartilage to joint surface cartilage and sit between the thigh bone and the shin bone.
Kneecap (patella) stabilisation
Surgery to stabilise the kneecap is usually only offered when physiotherapy hasn’t been successful. It includes: